Multi-centennial scale precipitation and following lagoon ecosystem fluctuation in the Holocene reconstructed by East Korean Lagoon sediment analysis

Wednesday, 17 December 2014
Kota Katsuki1, Dong-Yoon Yang1, Jaesoo Lim1, Wook-Hyun Nahm1, Toshimichi Nakanishi2, Koji Seto3, Masashi Otsuka4 and Kaoru Kashima4, (1)KIGAM Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon, South Korea, (2)Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan, (3)Shimane University, Matsue, Japan, (4)Kyushu University, Department of Science, Fukuoka, Japan
There are lagoons in the northern east coast of the South Korea, which were formed during the transgression period in the early Holocene. These lagoons shrank about 5-30 % during the first half of 20 century due to terrestrial sediment input from soil erosion in reclamation lands. However, buried lagoonal sediments record Holocene climate change. In this study, multi-centennial scale paleo-climate and paleo-ecosystem change were investigated by analysis of this buried and present lagoon deposits. Based on the diatom assemblage analysis of the sediment in the lagoon Maeho where it is the east coast lagoons in Korea, this lagoon was formed about 8,400 years ago, and halophilic diatoms showed high peaks at three times within the last 8,400 years. Timings of these peaks were well coincident with the high-sea level periods reported in the western Japan. It is considered that sea-level of the east coast in Korea also showed high at three times during the mid-late Holocene, and then, salinity of the lagoon increased in these periods. Except for such sea-level dependent change, salinity of the lagoon Maeho showed the multi-centennial (200 or 400 years) scale periodic variation. Magnetic susceptibility (MS) also showed the clear 400 years periodicity in the mid-late Holocene. When the MS showed high value, oligohalobous diatoms showed high value. However, halophilic diatoms and number of total diatom valves increased when the MS showed low value. This correspondence probably indicates that magnetic minerals flew into the lagoon with river fresh water, and then volume of fresh water inflow has changed with 400 years cycles. Such MS cycle was also confirmed in the sediments of other lagoons. Change of fresh water inflow should be not local event, was a part of regional environmental change. These results probably indicate that the precipitation on the northeastern South Korea has changed by the 400 years cycle. On the basis of lagoon bottom sediment, it made clear that the change of diatom assemblage during the last 600 years has been well corresponded with the variation of Korean tree ring delta 14C. There is a high possibility that water quality and ecosystem in the Koran lagoons was controlled by 200-400 years periodical precipitation change, and they are further affected by the solar irradiance change may be via monsoon intensity change.