Retrieval of the Nitrous Oxide Profiles using the AIRS Data in China

Friday, 19 December 2014
Liangfu Chen1, Pengfei Ma1, Jinhua Tao1, Xiaoying Li1, Ying Zhang1, Zifeng Wang1, Shenshen Li1 and Xiaozhen Xiong2, (1)RADI Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, (2)NOAA Science Center, National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, NOAA, USA, clarksville, MD, United States
As an important greenhouse gas and ozone-depleting substance, the 100-year global warming potential of Nitrous Oxide (N2O) is almost 300 times higher than that of carbon dioxide. However, there are still large uncertainties about the quantitative N2O emission and its feedback to climate change due to the coarse ground-based network. This approach attempts to retrieve the N2O profiles from the Atmospheric InfraRed Sounder (AIRS) data. First, the sensitivity of atmospheric temperature and humidity profiles and surface parameters between two spectral absorption bands were simulated by using the radiative transfer model. Second, the eigenvector regression algorithm is used to construct a priori state. Third, an optimal estimate method was developed based on the band selection of N2O. Finally, we compared our retrieved AIRS profiles with HIPPO data, and analyzed the seasonal and annual N2O distribution in China from 2004 to 2013.