Defining Resilience and Vulnerability Based on Ontology Engineering Approach

Tuesday, 16 December 2014
Terukazu Kumazawa1, Takanori Matsui2 and Aiko Endo1, (1)RIHN Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan, (2)Osaka University, Osaka, Japan
It is necessary to reflect the concepts of resilience and vulnerability into the assessment framework of “Human-Environmental Security”, but it is also in difficulty to identify the linkage between both concepts because of the difference of the academic community which has discussed each concept.

The authors have been developing the ontology which deals with the sustainability of the social-ecological systems (SESs). Resilience and vulnerability are also the concepts in the target world which this ontology covers. Based on this point, this paper aims at explicating the semantic relationship between the concepts of resilience and vulnerability based on ontology engineering approach.

For this purpose, we first examine the definitions of resilience and vulnerability which the existing literatures proposed. Second, we incorporate the definitions in the ontology dealing with sustainability of SESs. Finally, we focus on the “Water-Energy-Food Nexus Index” to assess Human-Environmental Security, and clarify how the concepts of resilience and vulnerability are linked semantically through the concepts included in these index items.