Coupling Stokes and Darcy Flow in Melt Migration Modeling

Monday, 15 December 2014
Ragnar Lehmann, Boris Kaus and Mária Lukáčová-Medvid'ová, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany
Melt migration can be modeled by coupling variable-viscosity Stokes flow and Darcy flow. Stokes Flow, generally, captures the long-term behavior of the mantle and lithosphere while Darcy flow models the two-phase regime.

We present preliminary results on two different approaches of coupling Stokes and Darcy flow to simulate melt migration on a lithospheric scale using the Finite Element Method. In the first approach we solve the problem in a decoupled manner where we solve incompressible variable-viscosity Stokes flow for (solid) velocity and pressure and use these as input parameters to solve Darcy flow for fluid velocity.

In the second approach, we couple the two systems of partial differential equations for viscoplastic rheologies and solve the system as a whole more strictly capturing all interdependencies (a two-phase compressible formulation).

Both approaches are tested and compared for various rheological setups.