Data records of biophysical products in the Copernicus Global Land Service

Friday, 19 December 2014: 1:55 PM
Bruno Smets1, Else Swinnen1, Roselyne Noëlle Lacaze2, Jean-Christoph Calvet3, Frederic Baret4, Fernando camacho De Coca5, Jean-Louis Roujean6, Kevin Tansey7, Lieven Bydekerke1, Sandra Coelho8, Alexander Jann9, Christoph Paulik10 and Aleixandre Verger11, (1)VITO, Mol, Belgium, (2)HYGEOS, Toulouse Cedex 9, France, (3)Météo-France Toulouse, Toulouse Cedex 01, France, (4)INRA Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Paris Cedex 07, France, (5)EOLAB Spain S.L., Valencia, Spain, (6)CNRM-GAME, Toulouse Cedex 01, France, (7)University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom, (8)IPMA, Lison, Portugal, (9)ZAMG Central Institution for Meteorology and Geodynamics, Vienna, Austria, (10)Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, (11)CREAF, Cerdanyola Del Valle, Spain
From 1stJanuary 2013, the Copernicus Global Land service provides continuously a set of bio-geophysical variables describing, over the whole globe, the vegetation dynamic, the energy budget at the continental surface and some components of the water cycle. These generic products serve numerous applications such as agriculture and food security monitoring, weather forecast, climate change impact studies, water, forest and natural resources management.

The portfolio contains Essential Climate Variables like Leaf Area Index (LAI), the Fraction of PAR absorbed by the vegetation (FAPAR), surface albedo, Land Surface Temperature, soil moisture, burnt areas, areas of water bodies, and additional vegetation indices. They are generated daily on a reliable and automatic basis from Earth Observation satellite data. Beside this timely production, the available historical archives, up to 16 years for SPOT-VEGETATION, have been processed using the same innovative algorithms. For a number of ECVs, the algorithms are adapted to work with NOAA-AVHRR as input to extend the time series up to 1982. The service continuity is provided in two parallel paths. On one hand, the existing retrieval methodologies are adapted to use the new PROBA-V sensor, fully consistent with SPOT-VEGETATION, and as such extends the time-series at 1km spatial resolution. On the other hand, the operation is moving to the finer resolution of PROBA-V (300m), while maintaining consistency with the 1km series. The data records are documented in terms of the physical methodologies, the technical properties, and the results of validation exercises. The service performs a continuous quality monitoring on three levels: technical, scientific and cross-cutting, following where possible the rules of CEOS/LPV and comparing with both in-situ and other datasets, e.g. MODIS. The service is improved through feedback from an independent expert team performing regular independent reviews and providing user feedback. All products are accessible, free of charge after registration through FTP/HTTP and through the GEONETCast satellite distribution system.

After an overview of the Copernicus Global Land service, the paper shows how methods and algorithms and processing lines are designed, characterized and validated across sensors and across spatial resolutions.