Simulation of Two-Phase Flow Based on a Thermodynamically Constrained Averaging Theory Flow Model

Monday, 15 December 2014: 3:25 PM
Timothy M Weigand1, Amanda Lynn Dye1, James E McClure2, Matthew W Farthing3, William G Gray1 and Cass T Miller1, (1)University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, United States, (2)Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, United States, (3)US Army Corps of Engineers, Vicksburg, MS, United States
The thermodynamically constrained averaging theory (TCAT) has been used to formulate general classes of porous medium models, including new models for two-fluid-phase flow. The TCAT approach provides advantages that include a firm connection between the microscale, or pore scale, and the macroscale; a thermodynamically consistent basis; explicit inclusion of factors such as interfacial areas, contact angles, interfacial tension, and curvatures; and dynamics of interface movement and relaxation to an equilibrium state. In order to render the TCAT model solvable, certain closure relations are needed to relate fluid pressure, interfacial areas, curvatures, and relaxation rates. In this work, we formulate and solve a TCAT-based two-fluid-phase flow model. We detail the formulation of the model, which is a specific instance from a hierarchy of two-fluid-phase flow models that emerge from the theory. We show the closure problem that must be solved. Using recent results from high-resolution microscale simulations, we advance a set of closure relations that produce a closed model. Lastly, we use locally conservative spatial discretization and higher order temporal discretization methods to approximate the solution to this new model and compare the solution to the traditional model.