The South Pole, Antarctica, Solar Radio Telescope (SPASRT) System
Monday, 15 December 2014
The study of the sun in the radio portion of the electromagnetic spectrum furthers our understanding of fundamental solar processes observed in the X-ray, UV, and visible regions of the spectrum. For example, the study of solar radio bursts, which have been shown to cause serious disruptions of technologies at Earth, are essential for advancing our knowledge and understanding of solar flares and their relationship to coronal mass ejections and solar energetic particles, as well as the underlying particle acceleration mechanisms associated with these processes. In addition, radio coverage of the solar atmosphere could yield completely new insights into the variations of output solar energy, including Alfven wave propagation through the solar atmosphere and into the solar wind, which can potentially modulate and disturb the solar wind and Earth’s geospace environment. In this presentation we discuss the development, construction, and testing of the South Pole, Antarctica, Solar Radio Telescope that is planned for installation at South Pole. The system will allow for 24-hour continuous, long-term observations of the sun across the 1-18 GHz frequency band and allow for truly continuous solar observations. We show that this system will enable unique scientific investigations of the solar atmosphere.