Signal to Noise Ratio for Different Gridded Rainfall Products of Indian Monsoon
Monday, 15 December 2014
Gridded rainfall datasets provide useful information of spatial and temporal distribution of precipitation over a region. For India, there are 3 gridded rainfall data products available from India Meteorological Department (IMD), Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission (TRMM) and Asian Precipitation - Highly Resolved Observational Data Integration towards Evaluation of Water Resources (APHRODITE), these compile precipitation information obtained through satellite based measurement and ground station based data. The gridded rainfall data from IMD is available at spatial resolution of 1°, 0.5° and 0.25° where as TRMM and APHRODITE is available at 0.25°. Here, we employ 7 years (1998-2004) of common time period amongst the 3 data products for the south-west monsoon season, i.e., the months June to September. We examine temporal mean and standard deviation of these 3 products to observe substantial variation amongst them at 1° resolution whereas for 0.25° resolution, all the data types are nearly identical. We determine the Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) of the 3 products at 1° and 0.25° resolution based on noise separation technique adopting horizontal separation of the power spectrum generated with the Fast Fourier Transformation (FFT). A methodology is developed for threshold based separation of signal and noise from the power spectrum, treating the noise as white. The variance of signal to that of noise is computed to obtain SNR. Determination of SNR for different regions over the country shows the highest SNR with APHRODITE at 0.25° resolution. It is observed that the eastern part of India has the highest SNR in all cases considered whereas the northern and southern most Indian regions have lowest SNR. An incremental linear trend is observed among the SNR values and the spatial variance of corresponding region. Relationship between the computed SNR values and the interpolation method used with the dataset is analyzed. The SNR analysis provides an effective tool to evaluate the gridded precipitation data products. However detailed analysis is needed to determine the processes that lead to these SNR distributions so that the quality of the gridded rainfall data products can be further improved and transferability of the gridding algorithms can be explored to produce a unified high-quality rainfall dataset.