Recent Observations and Modeling of Narrowband Stimulated Electromagnetic Emissions SEEs at HAARP and EISCAT

Wednesday, 17 December 2014: 11:20 AM
Wayne Scales1, Alireza Mahmoudian2, Haiyang Fu3, Maitrayee R Bordikar1, Alireza Samimi4, Paul A Bernhardt5, Stanley J Briczinski Jr5, Mike J Kosch6, Andrew Senior7 and Brett Isham8, (1)Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, United States, (2)University of Maryland College Park, College Park, MD, United States, (3)Fudan University, Shanghai, China, (4)University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, United States, (5)Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC, United States, (6)South African National Space Agency, Hermanus, South Africa, (7)University of Lancaster, Lancaster, United Kingdom, (8)Interamerican University, Electrical and Computer Engeering, Baymon, PR, United States
There has been significant interest in so-called narrowband Stimulated Electromagnetic Emission SEE over the past several years due to recent discoveries at the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program HAARP facility near Gakone, Alaska. Narrowband SEE (NSEE) has been defined as spectral features in the SEE spectrum typically within 1 kHz of the transmitter (or pump) frequency. SEE is due to nonlinear processes leading to re-radiation at frequencies other than the pump wave frequency during heating the ionospheric plasma with high power HF radio waves. Although NSEE exhibits a richly complex structure, it has now been shown after a substantial number of observations at HAARP, that NSEE can be grouped into two basic classes. The first are those spectral features, associated with Stimulated Brillouin Scatter SBS, which typically occur when the pump frequency is not close to electron gyro-harmonic frequencies. Typically, these spectral features are within roughly 50 Hz of the pump wave frequency where it is to be noted that the O+ ion gyro-frequency is roughly 50 Hz. The second class of spectral features corresponds to the case when the pump wave frequency is typically within roughly 10 kHz of electron gyro-harmonic frequencies. In this case, spectral features ordered by harmonics of ion gyro-frequencies are typically observed, and termed Stimulated Ion Bernstein Scatter SIBS. This presentation will first provide an overview of the recent NSEE experimental observations at HAARP. Both Stimulated Brillouin Scatter SBS and Stimulated Ion Bernstein Scatter SIBS observations will be discussed as well as their relationship to each other. Possible theoretical formulation in terms of parametric decay instabilities and computational modeling will be provided. Possible applications of NSEE will be pointed out including triggering diagnostics for artificial ionization layer formation, proton precipitation event diagnostics, electron temperature measurements in the heated volume and detection of heavy ion species. Finally potential for observing such SEE at the European Incoherent Scatter EISCAT facility will be discussed.