Moment Tensor Descriptions for Simulated Explosions of the Source Physics Experiment (SPE)
Thursday, 18 December 2014: 5:30 PM
In this research we seek to understand damage mechanisms governing the behavior of geo-materials in the explosion source region, and the role they play in seismic-wave generation. Numerical modeling tools can be used to describe these mechanisms through the development and implementation of appropriate material models. Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) have been working on a novel continuum-based-viscoplastic strain-rate-dependent fracture material model, AZ_Frac, in an effort to improve the description of these damage sources. AZ_Frac has the ability to describe continuum fracture processes, and at the same time, to handle pre-existing anisotropic material characteristics. The introduction of fractures within the material generates further anisotropic behavior that is also accounted for within the model. The material model has been calibrated to a granitic medium and has been applied in a number of modeling efforts under the SPE project. In our modeling, we use a 2D, axisymmetric layered earth model of the SPE site consisting of a weathered layer on top of a half-space. We couple the hydrodynamic simulation code with a seismic simulation code and propagate the signals to distances of up to 2 km. The signals are inverted for time-dependent moment tensors using a modified inversion scheme that accounts for multiple sources at different depths. The inversion scheme is evaluated for its resolving power to determine a centroid depth and a moment tensor description of the damage source. The capabilities of the inversion method to retrieve such information from waveforms recorded on three SPE tests conducted to date are also being assessed.