Sources, properties, aging, and anthropogenic influences on OA and SOA over the Southeast US and the Amazon during SOAS, DC3, SEAC4RS, and GoAmazon

Wednesday, 17 December 2014: 10:20 AM
Jose L Jimenez1, Pedro Campuzano Jost1, Weiwei Hu1, Brett B Palm1, Samantha Thompson1, Jordan Krechmer1, Douglas A Day2, Harald Stark1, Zhe Peng1, Amber M Ortega1, Gabriel A Isaacman3, Allen H Goldstein3, Rupert Holzinger4, Suzane S de Sá5, Scot T Martin5, M. Lizabeth Alexander6, Alex B Guenther6, Manjula R Canagaratna7, Paola Massoli7, Joel Kimmel7,8, John Toulson Jayne7, Douglas R Worsnop7, William H Brune9, Julia M Lee-Taylor10, Alma Hodzic10, Sasha Madronich10, John H Offenberg11, Joel Ferreira De Brito12, Paulo Artaxo12 and Antonio O Manzi13, (1)University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO, United States, (2)University of Colorado at Boulder, Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Boulder, CO, United States, (3)University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, United States, (4)Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands, (5)Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United States, (6)Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, United States, (7)Aerodyne Research Inc., Billerica, MA, United States, (8)Tofwerk AG, Thun, Switzerland, (9)Pennsylvania State University Main Campus, University Park, PA, United States, (10)National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, United States, (11)Environmental Protection Agency Research Triangle Park, Research Triangle Park, NC, United States, (12)USP University of Sao Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, (13)National Institute for Amazon Research (INPA), Manaus, AM, Brazil
The SE US and the Amazon have large sources of biogenic VOCs and varying anthropogenic pollution impact, and often poor aerosol model performance. Recent results on the sources, properties, aging, and impact of anthropogenic pollution on OA and secondary OA (SOA) over these regions will be presented. SOA from IEPOX accounts for 14-17% of the OA on average over the SE US and extending up to 6 km. Higher IEPOX-SOA correlates with airmasses of high isoprene, IEPOX, sulfate, acidity, and lower NO. The IEPOX organosulfate accounts for ~10% of IEPOX-SOA over the SE US. The AMS ion C5H6O+ is shown to be a good marker of IEPOX-SOA, while total m/z 82 (as in ACSM) suffers larger interferences. The sinks of IEPOX-SOA via both OH oxidation and evaporation are slow. The low-volatility of IEPOX-SOA contrasts with the small semivolatile molecules that have so far been identified as its components, suggesting the importance of oligomerization. Urban SOA is estimated to account for 25% of the OA in the SE US using either the GEOS-Chem model or the measured 14C (using recent results that urban SOA (POA) is 30% (50%) non-fossil, mainly due to cooking emissions).

An oxidation flow reactor (OFR) is used to investigate SOA formation by OH, O3, and NO3 in-situ. Largest SOA formation is always observed at night when monoterpenes (MT) are largest, and is underpredicted by SOA models that use MT as precursors but ignore partially-oxidized products. Closure results from models (VBS and GECKO-A) that account for the whole oxidation chain will be presented.

The partitioning of organic acids is found to proceed rapidly in response to temperature changes, in contrast with recent reports of very slow equilibration. The agreement with absorptive partitioning theory is reasonable for most species, except small acids that may be formed by thermal decomposition during analysis. Partitioning data from four instruments is compared, with reasonable agreement in many cases including the rapid response to temperature changes. Partitioning to aerosol water is minor for most of the measured species.

Low volatility products of isoprene oxidation were measured during FIXCIT, forming via several pathways and depositing quickly to chamber walls and aerosol seeds. Their presence in ambient air during SOAS and the ability of GECKO-A to predict their formation are explored.