The Bidirectional Exchange of VOCs between a Mixed Forest and the Atmosphere in the Southeast US

Wednesday, 17 December 2014
Pawel K Misztal1, Caleb Arata1, Luping Su2, Jeong-Hoo Park3, Rupert Holzinger4, Roger Seco5, Lisa Kaser3, John E Mak6, Alex B Guenther7 and Allen H Goldstein1, (1)University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, United States, (2)Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, United States, (3)National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, United States, (4)Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands, (5)University of California Irvine, Department of Earth System Science, Irvine, CA, United States, (6)SUNY Stony Brook, School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Stony Brook, NY, United States, (7)Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, United States
Biogenic and anthropogenic volatile organic compounds (VOC) are known to play important roles in atmospheric chemistry, formation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA), and thus climate. However, understanding the full range of emissions, and the fate of these organic compounds following their oxidation in the atmosphere is currently a major quantitative challenge. We looked closer to investigate emission, oxidation, and deposition of VOCs in a forested region of the South East US as part of the SOAS summer 2013 campaign.

Fluxes and concentration of gas-phase VOCs were measured at 10 Hz by a PTR-ToF-MS which was coupled to a 10 Hz RM Young sonic anemometer at the top of the Centreville SEARCH tower located in a mixed deciduous forest near Brent, Alabama. Investigations of BVOC oxidation pathways were also explored in the CalTech chamber during the FIXIT study. The combination of laboratory oxidation studies and concentrations and fluxes measured in the field provides a broader dynamic picture of the physical and chemical processes behind effective oxidation yields which can improve understanding of BVOC oxidation compound fates and thus the accuracies of SOA formation estimates.

We investigate the relative contribution of individual VOCs, and classes of VOCs distinguished by the number of oxygen they include, to the mixing ratio, emission and deposition flux burdens. We also investigate how the exchange velocities of VOCs differ during the day and highlight the bidirectional character of the fluxes occurring for a large fraction of observed organic ions.