Electrons on closed field lines of lunar crustal fields in the solar wind wake

Friday, 19 December 2014
Masaki N. Nishino1, Yoshifumi Saito2, Hideo Tsunakawa3, Futoshi Takahashi4, Masaki Fujimoto2, Shoichiro Yokota2, Yuki Harada5, Masaki Matsushima3, Hidetoshi Shibuya6 and Hisayoshi Shimizu7, (1)Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan, (2)JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Sagamihara, Japan, (3)Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan, (4)Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan, (5)Space Sciences Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, United States, (6)Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan, (7)University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Japan
Plasma signature around crustal magnetic fields is one of the most important topics of the lunar plasma sciences. Although recent spacecraft measurements are revealing solar-wind interaction with the lunar crustal fields on the dayside, plasma signatures around crustal fields on the night side have not been fully studied yet. Here we show evidence of plasma trapping on the closed field lines of the lunar crustal fields in the solar-wind wake, using SELENE (Kaguya) plasma and magnetic field data obtained at 14-15 km altitude from the lunar surface. In contrast to expectation on plasma cavity formation at the strong crustal fields, electron flux is enhanced over Crisium Antipode (CA) anomaly which is one of the strongest lunar crustal fields. The enhanced electron fluxes over the CA anomaly are characterised by (1) occasional bi-directional field-aligned beams in the lower energy range (< 150 eV) and (2) a medium energy component (150-300 eV) that has a double loss-cone distribution that represents bounce motion between the two footprints of the crustal magnetic fields. The low-energy electrons on the closed field lines may come from the lunar night side surface, while supply mechanism of medium-energy electrons on the closed field line remains to be solved. We also report that a density cavity in the wake is observed not above the strongest magnetic field but in its vicinity.