Retrievals of atmospheric columnar carbon dioxide and methane from GOSAT observations with photon path-length probability density function (PPDF) method

Thursday, 18 December 2014
Andrey Bril1, Sergey Oshchepkov1, Tatsuya Yokota1, Yukio Yoshida1, Isamu Morino1, Osamu Uchino1, Dmitry A Belikov1,2 and Shamil S Maksyutov1, (1)NIES National Institute of Environmental Studies, Ibaraki, Japan, (2)NIPR National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo, Japan
We retrieved the column-averaged dry air mole fraction of atmospheric carbon dioxide (XCO2) and methane (XCH4) from the radiance spectra measured by Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) for 48 months of the satellite operation from June 2009. Recent version of the Photon path-length Probability Density Function (PPDF)-based algorithm was used to estimate XCO2 and optical path modifications in terms of PPDF parameters. We also present results of numerical simulations for over-land observations and “sharp edge” tests for sun-glint mode to discuss the algorithm accuracy under conditions of strong optical path modification.

For the methane abundance retrieved from 1.67-µm-absorption band we applied optical path correction based on PPDF parameters from 1.6-µm carbon dioxide (CO2) absorption band. Similarly to CO2-proxy technique, this correction assumes identical light path modifications in 1.67-µm and 1.6-µm bands. However, proxy approach needs pre-defined XCO2 values to compute XCH4, whilst the PPDF-based approach does not use prior assumptions on CO2 concentrations.

Post-processing data correction for XCO2 and XCH4 over land observations was performed using regression matrix based on multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA). The MANOVA statistics was applied to the GOSAT retrievals using reference collocated measurements of Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON). The regression matrix was constructed using the parameters that were found to correlate with GOSAT-TCCON discrepancies: PPDF parameters α and ρ, that are mainly responsible for shortening and lengthening of the optical path due to atmospheric light scattering; solar and satellite zenith angles; surface pressure; surface albedo in three GOSAT short wave infrared (SWIR) bands. Application of the post-correction generally improves statistical characteristics of the GOSAT-TCCON correlation diagrams for individual stations as well as for aggregated data.

In addition to the analysis of the observations over 12 TCCON stations we estimated temporal and spatial trends (interannual XCO2 and XCH4 variations, seasonal cycles, latitudinal gradients) and compared them with modeled results as well as with similar estimates from other GOSAT retrievals.