Ozone Enhancement in the Lower Troposphere over East Asia Observed by OMI: Evidence of Transboundary Pollution Transport from China to Korea and Japan

Wednesday, 17 December 2014
Sachiko Hayashida1, Akiko Ono1, Xiong Liu2, Kai Yang3, Yugo Kanaya4 and Kelly Chance2, (1)Faculty Science, Faculty of Science, Nara Women's University, Nara, Japan, (2)Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA, United States, (3)University of Maryland College Park, College Park, MD, United States, (4)JAMSTEC Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Kanagawa, Japan
Liu et al. (2010) developed an algorithm to retrieve ozone profiles from the ground to ~60 km from OMI ultraviolet radiances using the optimal estimation technique (Rogers, 2000). This algorithm is for derivation of an ozone profile divided into 24 layers, with three layers in the troposphere (0-3km, 3-6km, 6-9km). In this study, we report results for the analysis of lower tropospheric ozone over CEC using the OMI ozone profiles mentioned above. First, we show good correlation of OMI-derived ozone with aircraft measurements and ozonesonde measurements. Second, we show significant enhancement of ozone derived from OMI over CEC. To interpret this remarkable enhancement of ozone, we show correlation of ozone with carbon monoxide (CO) and hotspot numbers suggesting the effects of crop burning on ozone enhancement. Third, we also show complementary data obtained in the field campaign at Mt. Tai in 2005 and 2006 (Kayana et al., 2013) to demonstrate ozone enhancement in June every year and show the relationship with residue burning in fields over Shandong and Hebei Provinces. Finally, we show important evidence of transboundary pollution transport from China to Korea and Japan.

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Rodgers, C. D. (2000), Inverse methods for atmospheric sounding: Theory and practice, World Scientific Publishing, Singapore.