Development of a generalized algorithm of satellite remote sensing using multi-wavelength and multi-pixel information (MWP method) for aerosol properties by satellite-borne imager

Tuesday, 16 December 2014
Makiko Hashimoto, Teruyuki Nakajima, Shotaro Morimoto and Hideaki Takenaka, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan
We have developed a new satellite remote sensing algorithm to retrieve the aerosol optical characteristics using multi-wavelength and multi-pixel information of satellite imagers (MWP method). In this algorithm, the inversion method is a combination of maximum a posteriori (MAP) method (Rodgers, 2000) and the Phillips-Twomey method (Phillips, 1962; Twomey, 1963) as a smoothing constraint for the state vector. Furthermore, with the progress of computing technique, this method has being combined with the direct radiation transfer calculation numerically solved by each iteration step of the non-linear inverse problem, without using LUT (Look Up Table) with several constraints.
Retrieved parameters in our algorithm are aerosol optical properties, such as aerosol optical thickness (AOT) of fine and coarse mode particles, a volume soot fraction in fine mode particles, and ground surface albedo of each observed wavelength. We simultaneously retrieve all the parameters that characterize pixels in each of horizontal sub-domains consisting the target area. Then we successively apply the retrieval method to all the sub-domains in the target area.
We conducted numerical tests for the retrieval of aerosol properties and ground surface albedo for GOSAT/CAI imager data to test the algorithm for the land area. The result of the experiment showed that AOTs of fine mode and coarse mode, soot fraction and ground surface albedo are successfully retrieved within expected accuracy. We discuss the accuracy of the algorithm for various land surface types.
Then, we applied this algorithm to GOSAT/CAI imager data, and we compared retrieved and surface-observed AOTs at the CAI pixel closest to an AERONET (Aerosol Robotic Network) or SKYNET site in each region. Comparison at several sites in urban area indicated that AOTs retrieved by our method are in agreement with surface-observed AOT within ±0.066.
Our future work is to extend the algorithm for analysis of AGEOS-II/GLI and GCOM/C-SGLI data.