Agriculture Insurance: Adaptation to Vulnerability of Climate Change in Bali, Indonesia

Tuesday, 16 December 2014
I Gusti Agung Ayu Ambarawati1, Chiharu Hongo2, A.A. Ayu Mirah Adi3 and Eisaku Tamura2, (1)Udayana University, Faculty of Agriculture, Denpasar, Indonesia, (2)Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan, (3)Udayana University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Denpasar, Indonesia
Bali province of Indonesia is worldwide known for its tourist destination and it contributes more than 60 per cent to the regional domestic product. Meanwhile, agricultural sector including rice production still plays an important role in the Bali economy because of its 30 per cent contribution. Rice production in Bali is not just susceptible to loss caused by flood, drought and pest and disease attack but also from the climate change. The impact of climate change on food production in Indonesia is expected to decline in 2050, ranging from 38 per cent to more than ten-folds of the current production (Syaukat, 2011). Accordingly, adaptation to climate changes is required to minimize the risk along with the plans and strategies for food security and sustainable development.

The government of Indonesia (GoI) has launched several pilot projects including agriculture insurance program to minimize the risk in production failure particularly rice farming, unfortunately Bali was excluded from the projects. Implementation of agriculture insurance in Indonesia has the legal basis now after the announcement of the Farmer Protection and Empowerment Act (Law No. 19/2013). Agriculture insurance is seen better in mitigating farmer’s risk than that of the other program in rice production. The GoI plans to implement the insurance scheme in the beginning of 2015. This scheme is something “new” to farmers in Bali and Indonesia. Considering the importance of crop insurance to agriculture, this study attempts to explore the potential of such insurance to reveal a clear picture of opportunities and challenges in agriculture insurance implementation in Bali. The study empirically presents awareness and perception of farmers towards the insurance and adaptation to vulnerability of climate change. The study concludes with various suggestions for increasing the awareness of farmers for ensuring better penetration of agriculture insurance in Bali.

Key words: agriculture insurance, farmer’s awareness and perception, climate change, Bali