Thermo-compression of pyrope-grossular garnet solid solutions: non-linear compositional dependence

Wednesday, 17 December 2014
Simon Martin Clark, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia, Wei Du, Ehime University, Geodynamic Research Center, Matsuyama, Japan and David Walker, Columbia University of New York, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Palisades, NY, United States
Unit cell parameters of a series of synthetic garnets with the pyrope, grossular, and four intermediate compositions were measured up to about 900K and to 10 GPa using synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction. Coefficients of thermal expansion of pyrope-grossular garnets are in the range 2.10~ 2.74 x 10-5 K-1 and uniformly increase with temperature. Values for the two end members pyrope and grossular are identical within experimental error 2.74±0.05 x 10-5 K-1 and 2.73±0.01 x 10-5 K-1 respectively. Coefficients of thermal expansion for intermediate compositions are smaller than those of end members, and are not linearly dependent on composition. Bulk modulus of grossular is Κ0=164.3(1) GPa (with Κ0the pressure derivative of the bulk modulus fixed to 5.92) and bulk modulus of pyrope is Κ0=169.2(2) GPa (with Κ0’ fixed to 4.4) using a third order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state, which are consistent with previously reported values. The bulk moduli of garnets of intermediate composition are between ~155 and ~160 GPa, smaller than those of the end-members no matter which Κ0’ is chosen. The compositional dependence of bulk modulus resembles the compositional dependence of thermal expansion. Intermediate garnets on this binary have large positive excess volume, which makes them more compressible. We find that excess volumes in the pyrope-grossular series remain relatively large even at high pressure (~6GPa) and temperature (~800K), supporting the observation of crystal exsolution on this garnet join. (Ref: Wei Du, Simon Martin Clark, and David Walker (2014) Thermo-compression of pyrope-grossular garnet solid solutions:non-linear compositional dependence. American Mineralogist, In Press).