Analysis of Water Use Efficiency derived from MODIS satellite image in Northeast Asia

Friday, 19 December 2014
Jongho Park, Keunchang Jang and Sinkyu Kang, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon, South Korea

Water Use Efficiency (WUE) is defined as ratio of evapotranspriation (ET) to gross primary productivity (GPP). It can detect the changes of ecosystem properties due to the variability of enviromental condition, and provide a chance to understand the linkage between carbon and water processes in terrestrial ecosystem.

In a changing climate, the understanding of ecosystem functional responses to climate variability is crucial for evaluating effect. However, continental or sub-continental scale WUE analysis is were rare. In this study, WUE was estimated in the Northeast Asia using satellite data from 2003 to 2010. ET and GPP were estimated using various MODIS products. The estimated ET and GPP showed favorable agreements with flux tower observations. WUE in the study domain showed considerable variations according to the plant functional types and climatic and elevational gradients.

The results produced in this study indicate that satellite remote sensing provides a useful tool for monitoring variability of terrestrial ecosystem functions.