Carbon Tetrachloride Emissions from the Amazon Forest

Monday, 15 December 2014: 10:55 AM
Kolby Jardine, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, United States, Jeffrey Q Chambers, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, United States, Niro Higuchi, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Departamento de Silvicultura Tropical, Manejo Florestal, Manaus AM, Brazil, Angela B Jardine, INPA National Institute of Amazonian Research, Climate and Environment Department, Manaus, Brazil, Scot T Martin, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United States and Antonio O Manzi, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus, Brazil
As a chemically inert greenhouse gas in the troposphere with lifetimes up to 50 years but active in ozone destruction in the stratosphere, carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) plays a major role in the atmospheric chlorine budget and is widely considered strictly of anthropogenic origin deriving from numerous industrial processes and products. However, satellite remote sensing studies have shown higher concentrations at the Equator, and earlier work has suggested possible biogenic sources. Here we present highly vertically-resolved atmospheric gradients of CCl4 within and above a primary rainforest ecosystem from three towers in the Central Amazon. The observed buildup of CCl4 mixing ratios near the top of the main canopies provides new evidence for a potentially large biogenic source from the Basin. By demonstrating the need to represent tropical forests as biogenic sources of CCl4, our study may help narrow the gap between remote sensing observations of CCl4 and emission, chemistry, and transport models and therefore lead to improved predictions of its role in atmospheric chemistry and climate.