The total column of CO2 and CH4 measured with a compact Fourier transform spectrometer at NASA Armstrong Flight Research Center and Railroad Valley, Nevada, USA

Thursday, 18 December 2014
Shuji Kawakami1, Kei Shiomi1, Hiroshi Suto1, Akihiko Kuze1, Patrick W Hillyard2, Tomoaki Tanaka3, James Robert Podolske3, Laura T Iraci3 and Randal T Albertson4, (1)Earth Obs. Res. Cntr. / JAXA, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan, (2)Bay Area Environmental Research Institute Moffett Field, Moffett Field, CA, United States, (3)NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, United States, (4)Armstrong Flight Research Center, Edwards, CA, United States
The total columns of carbon dioxide (XCO2) and methane (XCH4) were measured with a compact Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) at NASA Armstrong Flight Research Center (AFRC) and Railroad Valley, Nevada, USA (RRV) during a vicarious calibration campaign in June 2014. The campaign was performed to estimate changes in the radiometric response of the Thermal and Near Infrared Sensor for carbon Observations Fourier Transform Spectrometer (TANSO-FTS) and the Cloud and Aerosol Imager (TANSO-CAI) aboard Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT).

TANSO-FTS measures spectra of radiance scattered by the Earth surface with high- and medium-gain depending on the surface reflectance. At high reflectance areas, such as deserts over north Africa and Australia, TANSO-FTS collects spectra with medium-gain. There was differences on atmospheric pressure and XCO2 retrieved from spectra obtained between high-gain and medium-gain. Because the retrieved products are useful for evaluating the difference of spectral qualities between high- and medium-gain, this work is an attempt to collect validation data for spectra with medium-gain of TANSO-FTS at remote and desert area with a compact and medium-spectral resolution instrument.

As a compact FTS, EM27/SUN was used. It was manufactured and newly released on April 1, 2014 by Bruker. It is robust and operable in a high temperature environment. It was housed in a steel box to protect from dust and rain and powered by Solar panels. It can be operated by such a remote and desert area, like a RRV.

Over AFRC and RRV, vertical profiles of CO2 and CH4 were measured using the Alpha Jet research aircraft as part of the Alpha Jet Atmospheric eXperiment (AJAX) of ARC, NASA. The values were calibrated to standard gases. To make the results comparable to WMO (World Meteorological Organization) standards, the retrieved XCO2 and XCH4 values are divided by a calibration factor. This values were determined by comparisons with in situ profiles measured by the aircraft. At AFRC it was operated by the side of a ground-based Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) FTS (Bruker IFS 125HR) and the diurnal variation agreed well .

In this presentation, we will show results on XCO2 and XCH4 observations made by a compact FTS at AFRC and RRV and comparison of GOSAT and TCCON FTS.