Organic Halogen and Related Trace Gases in the Tropical Atmosphere: Results from Recent Airborne Campaigns Over the Pacific

Thursday, 18 December 2014: 2:40 PM
Elliot L Atlas1, Maria A Navarro1, Valeria Donets1, Sue Schauffler2, Richard Lueb1,2, Roger Hendershot2, Steve Gabbard2, Rebecca S Hornbrook2, Eric C Apel2, Daniel D Riemer1, Laura Pan2, Ross J Salawitch3, Julie M Nicely3, Stephen A Montzka4, Ben Miller4,5, Fred L Moore4,5, James W Elkins4, Eric J Hintsa4,5, Teresa Lynn Campos2, Birgit Quack6, Xiaorong Zhu1 and Leslie Pope1, (1)University of Miami, Miami, FL, United States, (2)National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, United States, (3)University of Maryland, College Park, MD, United States, (4)NOAA/Earth System Research Lab, Boulder, CO, United States, (5)Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, Boulder, CO, United States, (6)GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Kiel, Germany
Organic halogen gases, especially containing bromine and iodine, play a significant role as precursors to active halogen chemistry and ozone catalytic loss. Much of the reactive organic halogen originates from biological processes in the surface ocean, which can be quite variable by season and location. The tropics and coastal margins are potentially important sources that are being examined.

The recent coordinated CONTRAST/ATTREX/CAST missions were conducted in the Western Tropical Pacific, a region that is a major transport pathway for tropospheric air entering the stratosphere. One of the goals of the missions was to identify sources, distributions, and transport of organic halogens from the ocean surface into the tropical lower stratosphere. The missions were conducted during the NH winter season, Jan-Feb, 2014. In this presentation, we will discuss the distributions and variability of organic halogen gases in the study region and will examine the input of organic halogen species into the Tropical Tropopause Layer (TTL). Comparison with other tracers, such as methyl nitrate and NMHC, will help identify source regions for these gases. We will focus on the measurements obtained in the CONTRAST and ATTREX missions with data from in-situ GC/MS measurements and whole air samples collected on the NSF GV and NASA Global Hawk aircraft. Comparisons with other recent airborne campaigns, such as HIPPO and TC4, and with several ship-based studies will provide an additional context for evaluating the variability of organic halogen species in the tropical atmosphere and their role in transporting reactive halogen compounds into the UT/LS.