GPS-PWV Estimation and Analysis for CGPS Sites Operating in Mexico

Wednesday, 17 December 2014
Omar Gutierrez1, G. Esteban Vazquez1, Richard A Bennett2 and David K Adams3, (1)UAS Autonomous University of Sinaloa, Sinaloa, Mexico, (2)University of Arizona, Department of Geosciences, Tucson, AZ, United States, (3)UNAM National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Eighty permanent Global Positioning System (GPS) tracking stations that belong to several networks spanning Mexico intended for diverse purposes and applications were used to estimate precipitable water vapor (PWV) using measurement series covering the period of 2000–2014. We extracted the GPS-PWV from the ionosphere-free double-difference carrier phase observations, processed using the GAMIT software. The GPS data were processed with a 30 s sampling rate, 15-degree cutoff angle, and precise GPS orbits disseminated by IGS. The time-varying part of the zenith wet delay was estimated using the Global Mapping Function (GMF), while the constant part is evaluated using the Neil tropospheric model. The data reduction to compute the zenith wet delay follows the step piecewise linear strategy, which is subsequently transformed to PWV estimated every 2-hr. Although there exist previous isolated studies for estimating PWV in Mexico, this study is an attempt to perform a more complete and comprehensive analysis of PWV estimation throughout the Mexican territory. Our resulting GPS-based PWV were compared to available PWV values for 30 stations that operate in Mexico and report the PWV to Suominet. This comparison revealed differences of 1 to 2 mm between the GPS-PWV solution and the PWV reported by Suominet. Accurate values of GPS-PWV will help enhance Mexico ability to investigate water vapor advection, convective and frontal rainfall and long-term climate variability.