A 33 kyr Paleomagnetic Secular Variation Record from Fish Lake, Utah
Friday, 19 December 2014
We present a new North American lacustrine PSV record spanning the last ~ 33 ka from Fish Lake, Utah. Eleven meters of sediment were recovered from three holes with overlapping drives using a UWITECH coring system. Magnetic susceptibility was measured in the field to ensure stratigraphic completeness and to provide real time information on the material recovered. The recovered lake stratigraphy includes three distinct facies, interpreted to represent the post-glacial (0.75-6.75 m), last glacial maximum (LGM)/deglaciation (6.75-9.5 m), and pre-LGM period (9.5-11.75 m), with an initial chronology constrained by ten radiocarbon dates. CT scans were made on each section and used to monitor for coring deformation and establish precise stratigraphic correlation. Magnetic remanence was studied using AF demagnetization of u-channel samples measured on the OSU 2-G Enterprises u-channel magnetometer. The NRM is characterized by a viscous remanent magnetization (VRM), present throughout the core but successfully removed by 20 mT AF demagnetization. Weak NRM intensities in the post-glacial interval (3-6 x 10-4 A/m before AF demagnetization and 1-3 x 10-4 A/m following 20 mT AF demagnetization) approach the sensitivity of the u-channel magnetometer with increasing demagnetization and result in high MAD values during PCA analysis. Accordingly, we choose to use the NRM measured after 20 mT AF demagnetization for the post-glacial sediments to avoid both the VRM overprint and noise introduced due to week intensities at higher demagnetization steps. Major inclination features are consistent with other western North American PSV records providing confidence in this approach. NRM intensities are significantly higher below 6.75 m, reflecting increased terrigenous input during the LGM/deglaciation and pre LGM periods. A stable magnetization is isolated using a PCA over the 20-60 mT AF demagnetization steps, yielding MAD values of <1 and ~2, respectively. Declination is rotated to a mean of zero and inclinations vary around geocentric axial dipole predictions for the site’s location further suggesting that a reliable PSV record is preserved. The continuous PSV record reveals higher amplitude swings during the late Pleistocene. Here we assess the reliability and implications of these observations.