Plasma Physics, Waves and Turbulence in the Very Local Interstellar Medium

Monday, 15 December 2014: 3:10 PM
Gary Paul Zank, Peter Hunana and Parisa Mostafavi, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL, United States
Models of the large-scale heliosphere show that the very local interstellar medium (VLISM), bounded by the heliopause and either a bow wave or bow shock, experiences significant heating by the deposition of neutral hydrogen (H) originating from the hot inner heliosheath. As hot neutrals stream into the interstellar medium, they experience charge exchange with the background cooler interstellar protons, creating a population of energetic (~1 keV) pickup ions. Similarly, fast neutrals created in the supersonic solar wind stream into the local interstellar medium and create a pickup ion population in the VLISM. The importance of these pickup ions is thought to manifest itself in the creation of the IBEX ribbon. Like the outer regions of the supersonic solar wind and the inner heliosheath, the VLISM is a pickup ion mediated plasma. Here we derive a model of a pickup ion mediated plasma using an approach analogous to a Chapman-Enskog expansion. We derive the anomalous heat flux and obtain a three-fluid model comprising electrons, thermal protons, and pickup ions. We investigate waves and turbulence in a pickup ion mediated VLISM plasma, comparing the basic properties to those of the better known two-fluid model.