Rock-magnetic signatures of aeolian activity, precipitation and extreme runoff events from the sediments of Laguna Potrok Aike (southern Patagonia) since 51,200 cal BP

Monday, 15 December 2014: 8:45 AM
Guillaume St-Onge1, Agathe Lise-Pronovost1,2, Claudia Susana G Gogorza3, Torsten Haberzettl4, Guillaume Jouve5, Pierre Francus5, Christian Ohlendorf6, Catalina Gebhardt7 and Bernd Zolitschka6, (1)Institut des sciences de la mer de Rimouski (ISMER) and GEOTOP, Rimouski, Canada, (2)LaTrobe University, Melbourne, Australia, (3)National University of Central Buenos Aires, Tandil, Argentina, (4)Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Jena, Germany, (5)Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique-Eau Terre Environnement INRS-ETE, Quebec City, QC, Canada, (6)University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, (7)Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz-Center for Polar and Marine Research Bremerhaven, Bremerhaven, Germany
The sedimentary archive from Laguna Potrok Aike is the only continuous record reaching back to the last Glacial period in continental southeastern Patagonia. Here we use high-resolution u-channel, as well as discrete rock-magnetic and physical grain size data from the 106 m long core (~51,200 cal BP) of site 2 of the ICDP Potrok Aike maar lake Sediment Archive Drilling project (PASADO) in order to develop magnetic proxies of dust and wind intensity, as well as precipitation and extreme runoff events. Rock-magnetic analyses indicate the magnetic mineral assemblage is dominated by detrital magnetite and that low field magnetic susceptibility (kLF) can be interpreted as a dust indicator in the dust source of southern Patagonia at the millennial time scale. On shorter time scales however, kLF variability is correlated to ferrimagnetic grain size and coercivity. Comparison to physical grain-size data indicates that the median destructive field of the isothermal remanent magnetisation (MDFIRM) mostly reflects medium to coarse magnetite bearing silts typically transported by winds for short-term suspension and that MDFIRM can be interpreted as a wind-intensity proxy, with stronger winds capable of transporting coarser silts to the lake.

In addition, about half of the sedimentary sequence is composed of mass movement deposits (MMDs). Within these MMDs, two distinct sedimentary facies can easily be identified. The first rock-magnetic signature is detected in MMDs composed of reworked sand and tephra material. The signature consists of a gyroremanent magnetisation (GRM) acquired during demagnetisation of the natural remanent magnetisation (NRM) and other rock-magnetic properties typical of iron sulfides such as greigite. We interpret these intervals as authigenic formation of iron sulfides in suboxic conditions within the MMD. The second rock-magnetic signature consists of 10 short intervals located on the top of MMDs characterized by GRM acquisition during demagnetisation of the isothermal remanent magnetisation (IRM). These layers are interpreted as reflecting pedogenic hematite and/or goethite brought to the lake by runoff events related to precipitation and permafrost melt, and are coeval to warm periods of the last Glacial period.