Microphysics of Amazonian aerosol under pristine condition and the impact from the Manaus urban plume observed during the GoAmazon campaign

Monday, 15 December 2014: 2:10 PM
Jian Wang1, Mikaela L Alexander2, Gerson Paiva Almeida3, Paulo Artaxo4, Henrique M Barbosa5, Pedro Campuzano Jost6, Jennifer M Comstock2, Douglas A Day7, Suzane S. de Sá8, John Hubbe2, Anne Jefferson9, Jose-Luis Jimenez7, Chongai Kuang10, Karla Longo11, Antonio O Manzi12, Scot T Martin8, Fan Mei2, Brett B Palm9, Mikhail Pekour2, Arthur J Sedlacek III13, Gunnar Senum10, John E Shilling2, James N Smith14, Rodrigo Augusto Ferreira de Souza15, Stephen R. Springston10, Ryan M Thalman10 and Jason M Tomlinson2, (1)Brookhaven Natl Lab, Upton, NY, United States, (2)Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, United States, (3)Universidade Estadual do Ceara, Fortaleza, Brazil, (4)USP University of Sao Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, (5)University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, United States, (6)University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, United States, (7)Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, Boulder, CO, United States, (8)Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United States, (9)University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO, United States, (10)Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, United States, (11)INPE National Institute for Space Research, Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil, (12)National Institute for Amazon Research (INPA), Manaus, AM, Brazil, (13)Brookhaven National Lab, Upton, NY, United States, (14)NCAR, Boulder, CO, United States, (15)Organization Not Listed, Washington, DC, United States
The Green Ocean Amazon (GoAmazon) campaign takes place from January 2014 to December 2015 in the vicinity of Manaus, Brazil. One of the main objectives of GoAmazon is to study the aerosol lifecycle under pristine condition and the impact from Manaus urban plume. During GoAmazon, comprehensive characterization of aerosol and trace gases are carried out both at surface sites continuously, and onboard the DOE Gulfstream-1 (G-1) research aircraft from February 15th to March 25th (wet season), and from September 5th to October 15th, 2014. Here we present diurnal variation of aerosol properties, including aerosol size distribution and CCN spectrum under pristine conditions observed at the T3 site, 70 km downwind of the Manaus city. Also shown are vertical distributions of aerosol observed onboard the G-1. The sources and sinks of aerosol particles under pristine conditions are discussed. Measurements show strongly enhanced nucleation and Aiken mode particle concentrations in the Manaus plume. As the plume travels downwind, particle growth and higher CCN activation fraction are observed. The particle growth inside the plume is likely due to condensation of secondary species and coagulation. The vertical distribution of aerosol measured onboard the G-1 suggests cumulus clouds enhance the upward transport of aerosol and pollutants from the surface. The impact of the Manaus urban plume on aerosol size distribution and CCN spectrum are examined, and the results from wet and dry seasons are compared.