Recovery of Near-Fault Ground Motion by Introducing Rotational Motions

Monday, 15 December 2014
Hung-Chie Chiu, Institute of Earth Sciences Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
Near-fault ground motion is the key data to seismologists for revealing the seismic faulting and earthquake physics and strong-motion data is the only near-fault seismogram that can keep on-scale recording in a major earthquake. Unfortunately, this type of data might be contaminated by the rotation induced effects such as the centrifugal acceleration and the gravity effects. We analyze these effects based on a set of collocated rotation–translation data of small to moderate earthquakes. Results show these rotation effects could be negligible in small ground motion, but they might have a radical growing in the near-fault/extremely large ground motions. In order to extract more information from near-fault seismogram for improving our understating of seismic faulting and earthquake physics, it requires six-component collocated rotation-translation records to reduce or remove these effects.