TWINS Geomagnetic Storm Catalog

Wednesday, 17 December 2014
Joseph D Perez1, Natalia Buzulukova2, Mei-Ching Hannah Fok3, Jerry Goldstein4, David J McComas4, Philip W Valek5 and Keith Dominic Wood1, (1)Auburn University, Physics Department, Auburn, AL, United States, (2)NASA GSFC, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (3)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (4)Southwest Research Institute San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, United States, (5)Southwest Research Inst, San Antonio, TX, United States
Results from TWINS 1 & 2 observations and CIMI simulations have been cataloged for geomagnetic storms with Dst or SYM/H below -100 nT in the years 2008-2013. TWINS (Two Wide-angle Imaging Neutral-atom Spectrometers) provides ENA (Energetic Neutral Atom) images on a nearly continuous basis over a broad energy range (1-100 keV/amu). CIMI (Comprehensive Inner-Magnetosphere Ionosphere) model combines the ability to simulate ring
current dynamics solving for particle distributions and corresponding ENA fluxes with the ability to calculate radiation belt particle fluxes and inner plasma sheet electron precipitation. For each storm, the TWINS Storm Catalog provides 1-hour-samples ENA images, corresponding deconvolved 2D equatorial ion number flux and pitch angle anisotropy, and the energy spectrum and pitch angle distribution at the position of the peak of the number flux. Also included for direct comparison are results from CIMI simulations for the same quantities. The catalog is available to all interested parties.

It will be shown how users of the Catalog will have the opportunity to perform a number of studies related to the dynamics of the ring current during geomagnetic storms. For example, the storms cataloged to date show trends in changes of the energy spectrum from high energy tails deficient in ions as compared to a Maxwellian, to a high energy tail and finally approaching a Maxwellian. Likewise, pitch angle distributions are shown to evolve from having more perpendicular than parallel ions to a nearly isotropic distribution. It is also possible to investigate differences in ring current behavior for CIR and ICME driven storms.

It is to be noted that in this context, opportunities for results from the measurements and simulations on a finer time scale, for spectra as a function of equatorial position, and similarly for pitch angle distributions are available by request.