In situ rutile petrochronology: texture-related T, Paleoproterozoic inheritance and a Pan-African overprint in the oldest subduction-related eclogites, Usagaran Orogen, Tanzania

Friday, 19 December 2014: 5:15 PM
Andreas Möller1, Katrin Kraus1,2, Petra Herms2, Peter Appel2 and Peter Raase2, (1)University of Kansas, Department of Geology, Lawrence, KS, United States, (2)Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Institute of Geosciences, Kiel, Germany
Rutile U-Pb thermochronology is applied successfully by both TIMS and beam methods to date cooling events in mafic and metapelitic rocks, as well as in detrital studies. The Zr-in-rutile thermometer is very robust to thermal diffusion, and generally requires complete recrystallization to change recorded crystallization temperatures. Evidence for diffusion of HFSE elements in rutile is sparse; whereas U-Pb chronology generally records diffusion controlled cooling from the last event.

This study follows conventional thermobarometry and U-Pb TIMS results on monazite, sphene and rutile of Möller et al. (1995) establishing a 2 Ga eclogite facies event from MORB-like metabasic, and metapelitic rocks in the Usagaran Orogen of Tanzania, interpreted to be the oldest outcrops of subduction-related eclogites. Rutile from both rock types were discordant near a ca. 500 Ma lower intercept, confirming a thermal overprint postulated on the basis of K-Ar and Rb-Sr mica ages by e.g. Wendt et al. (1972). The age of the eclogite-facies event was confirmed by U-Pb zircon dating of a 1991±2 Ma crosscutting pegmatite (Collins et al., 1999).

We present in situ LA-ICP-MS rutile petrochronology on five metabasic and metapelitic eclogite facies samples with variable retrograde amphibolite-facies recrystallization. Thermometry confirms conventional Fe-Mg results, including higher peak temperatures in metabasites. Traverses on rutile inclusions in large garnet prophyroblasts in metapelites show increasing temperatures from cores outwards and a slight decrease towards outermost rims, with peak T coinciding with highest Mg# and highest grossular content, hence consistent with preservation of prograde zoning in the garnets and a brief eclogite facies event. Large rutiles (800µm) in recrystallized samples record temperature zoning profiles. U-Pb results show inheritance of near concordant 2 Ga domains, but dominantly confirm the ca. 490 Ma amphibolite facies overprint.

The study is an excellent example of the potential of in-situ rutile petrochronology in complex, polymetamorphic rocks when meticulous attention is given to textural context.

Möller et al., 1995, Geology, v. 23, p. 1067-1070.

Collins et al., 2004, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., v. 224, p. 175-192.

Wendt et al., 1972, 24th Internat. Geol. Congr., Proc., p. 295-314.