The origin and nature of thermal evolution during Granite emplacement and differentiation and its influence on upper crustal dynamics.

Tuesday, 16 December 2014: 4:15 PM
Robert Buchwaldt, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, EAPS, Cambridge, MA, United States, Theofilos Toulkeridis, Universidad de las Fuerzas Armadas ESPE, Sangolquí, Ecuador and Wolfgang Todt, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany
Structural geological, geochemical and geochronological data were compiled with the purpose to exercise models for the construction of upper crustal batholith. Models for pulsed intrusion of small magma batches over long timescales versus transfer of larger magma bodies on a shorter time scales are able to predict a different thermal, metamorphic, and rheological state of the crust. For this purpose we have applied the chronostratigraphic framework for magma differentiation on three granite complexes namely the St. Francois Mountain granite pluton (Precambrian), the Galway granite (Cambrian), and the Sithonia Plutonic Complex (Eocene). These plutons have similar sizes and range in composition from quartz diorites through granodiorites and granites to alkali granites, indicating multiple intrusive episodes. Thermobarometric calculations imply an upper crustal emplacement. Geochemical, isotopic and petrological data indicate a variety of pulses from each pluton allowing to be related through their liquid line of decent, which is supported by fractional crystallization of predominantly plagioclase, K-feldspar, biotite, hornblende and some minor accessory mineral phases, magma mingling and mixing as well as crustal contamination. To obtain the temporal relationship we carried out high-precision CA-TIMS zircon geochronology on selected samples along the liquid line of decent. The obtained data indicate a wide range of rates: such as different pulses evolved on timescales of about only 10-30ka, although, the construction time of the different complexes ranges from millions of years with prolonged tectonically inactive phases to relatively short lived time ranges of about ~300 ka. For a better understanding how these new data were used and evaluated in order to reconstruct constraints on the dynamics of the magmatic plumbing system, we integrated the short-lived, elevated heat production, due to latent heat of crystallization, into a 2D numerical model of the thermal evolution of segments of continental crust. Our model indicates that during the stage of enhanced fractional crystallization, the crustal viscosity decreases by several orders of magnitude, playing hereby a fundamental role in the thermal, magmatic, and tectonic evolution of the studied areas and most probably in similar regions too.