Advanced Real-time Monitoring System and Simulation Researches for Earthquakes and Tsunamis in Japan -Towards Disaster Mitigation on Earthquakes and Tsunamis-

Thursday, 18 December 2014
Mamoru Hyodo1, YoshiYuki Kaneda2, Narumi Takahashi1, Toshitaka Baba1, Takane Hori1, Katsuyoshi Kawaguchi1, Eiichiro Araki1, Hiroyuki Matsumoto1, Takeshi Nakamura1, Shin'ichiro Kamiya1, Keisuke Ariyoshi1, Masaru Nakano1, Jin-Kyu Choi1 and Shuhei Nishida1, (1)JAMSTEC Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Kanagawa, Japan, (2)Nagoya University, Disaster mitigation center, Nagoya, Japan
How to mitigate and reduce damages by Earthquakes and Tsunamis? This is very important and indispensable problem for Japan and other high seismicity countries.
Based on lessons learned from the 2004 Sumatra Earthquake/Tsunamis and the 2011 East Japan Earthquake/Tsunami, we recognized the importance of real-time monitoring of these natural hazards. As real-time monitoring system, DONET1 (Dense Ocean floor Network for Earthquakes and Tsunamis) was deployed and DONET2 is being developed around the Nankai trough Southwestern Japan for Seismology and Earthquake/Tsunami Early Warning.
Based on simulation researches, DONET1 and DONET2 with multi-kinds of sensors such as broadband seismometers and precise pressure gauges will be expected to monitor slow events such as low frequency tremors and slow earthquakes for the estimation of seismic stage which is the inter-seismic or pre-seismic stage. In advanced simulation researches such as the recurrence cycle of mega thrust earthquakes, the data assimilation is very powerful tool to improve the reliability. Furthermore, tsunami inundations, seismic responses on buildings/city and agent simulations are very important towards future disaster mitigation programs and related measures. Finally, real-time monitoring data and advanced simulations will be integrated for precise Earthquake/Tsunami Early Warning and Estimation of damages in future compound disasters on Earthquakes and Tsunamis. 
We will introduce the present progress of advanced researches and future scope for disaster mitigation researches on earthquakes and Tsunamis.