Temperature measurements at IODP 337 Expedition, off Shimokita, NE Japan.
Tuesday, 16 December 2014
Precise estimation of underground temperature is a challenging issue, since direct measurements require drill holes that disturb the original underground environment. During IODP 337 expedition, we have obtained in-situ temperature datasets for several times by using geophysical logging tools. A common procedure to estimate the undisturbed maximum underground temperature is by approximating that the ‘build-up’ pattern of measured values in the borehole should reach to the equilibrium temperature. At the Shimokita site, this was 63.7 oC at a depth of 2466 m. We have much more measurement dataset and all of these were used to analyze detailed in-site temperatures at various depths. The result shows a non-linear temperature profile to the depth and this may be reflected by the thermal properties of the surrounding rocks.