Magnetotactic bacteria in marine sediments: clues from recent cores from Brazilian Coast

Monday, 15 December 2014
Luigi Jovane1, Vivian H. Pellizari1, Frederico P Brandini1, Elisabete de Santis Braga1, Gabriel Ruske Freitas1, Mariana Benites1, Daniel Rodelli1, Martino Giorgioni1, Francesco Iacoviello1, Daniel Giancolli Ruffato1 and Ulysses Lins2, (1)USP University of Sao Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, (2)UFRJ Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Microbiologia, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
The magnetic properties (first order reversal curves, ferromagnetic resonance and decomposition of saturation remanent magnetization acquisition) of marine magnetotactic bacteria, in conjunction with geophysical, geochemical and oceanographic data from the Brazilian Coast, provide interesting insights regarding the primary productivity distribution in oceans. This finding suggests that magnetite produced by some magnetotactic bacteria retains magnetic properties in relation to the crystallographic structure of the magnetic phase produced and thus might represent a “magnetic fingerprint” for the presence of magnetotactic bacteria. The use of those magnetic properties is a non-destructive, new technology that might allow for the identification and presence of specific species or types of magnetotactic bacteria in certain environments such as sediment. We will also show some preliminary results on the biogeochemical factors that control magnetotactic bacterial populations, documenting the environment and the preservation of bacterial magnetite, which dominates the palaeomagnetic signal throughout recent sediments from Brazilian Coast. We searched for magnetotactic bacteria in order to understand the ecosystems and environmental change related to their presence in sediments. We studied magnetotactic bacterial concentration and geophysical, geochemical and oceanographic results in marine settings measuring crucially nutrients availability in the water column and in sediments, on particulate delivery to the seafloor, to understand the environmental condition that allow the presence of magnetotactic bacteria and magnetosomes in sediments.