Variability and Trends in Long Term Time Series and Correlations with Climate Factors

Thursday, 18 December 2014
Leonard J Pietrafesa1, Tingzhuang Yan1, Shaowu Bao1 and Paul T Gayes2, (1)Coastal Carolina University, School of Coastal and Marine Systems Science, Conway, SC, United States, (2)Coastal Carolina Univ, Conway, SC, United States
Employing credible data archives, we investigate 350 years of European land/atmospheric time series and 135 years of global oceanic and land/atmospheric time series. We reveal significant non-stationary and non-linear internal modes in the temporal data sets that include prominent signals at seasonal, annual, inter-annual, multi-annual, decadal, multi-decadal and trans-century time scales. We find an overall planetary warming. The overall trend is upwards, but the Global Surface Temperature Anomaly displays rates ranging from 0.8 oC/Century in 1659 to 0.0 in 1800 to 0.3 in 1880 and now at 1.0oC/Century; in deference to the IPCC 2007 Report which claimed ~ 2oC/Century. We relate the long term trends and variability of the temperature records correlatively with climate factors, such as the North Atlantic, Pacific Decadal, Atlantic Multi-Decadal, El Niño Southern, Arctic, Solar, Western Boundary Current, and other “Oscillations” and possible spatial-temporal links; and with the trend of fossil fuel burning.