Radiotomographic imaging and GNSS remote sensing of the midlatitude ionosphere modified by powerful HF radiowaves.
Abstract:We present the results of the radiotomographic imaging and GNSS remote sensing of the artificial ionospheric disturbances obtained in the recent experiments on the modification of the midlatitude ionosphere by powerful HF radiowaves carried out at the Sura heating facility.
The experiments were conducted using both O- and X- mode radiowaves, in daytime and nighttime conditions with various schemes of the radiation of the heating wave. Radio transmissions from the low- (Parus, e-POP on CASSIOPE) and high-orbital (GPS/GLONASS) navigational satellites received at the mobile network of receiving sites were used for the remote sensing of the heated area of the ionosphere.
We study the variations in TEC caused by HF heating showing that the GNSS TEC spectra often contain frequency components corresponding to the modulation periods of the ERP of the heating wave. The manifestations of the heating-induced variations in TEC are most prominent in the area of magnetic zenith of the pumping wave.
In this work we also present the radiotomographic reconstructions (including first time e-POP-SURA reconstructions) of the spatial structure of the disturbed area of the ionosphere corresponding to the directivity pattern of the heater as well as the spatial structure of the wave- like disturbances, which are possibly heating-induced AGWs, diverging from the heated area of the ionosphere. The spatial period of observed disturbances is 200–250 km and they are easily traced up to a distance of 700–800 km from the heated region, which is in good agreement with the modeling results.