Shallow Refraction and Rg Analysis at the Source Physics Experiment Site

Thursday, 18 December 2014
Joshua D Carmichael1, Charlotte A Rowe1, Howard John Patton2, Catherine Mary Snelson1, David D Coblentz2, Carene S Larmat2 and Xiaoning Yang2, (1)Los Alamos National Laboratory, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Los Alamos, NM, United States, (2)Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, United States
We present analyses of the two-dimensional (2D) seismic structure beneath Source Physics Experiments (SPE) geophone lines that extended 100 to 2000 m from the source borehole with 100 m spacing. With seismic sources provided only at one end of the geophone lines, standard refraction profiling methods are unable to resolve the seismic velocity structures unambiguously. In previous work we have shown overall agreement between body-wave refraction modeling and Rg dispersion curves for the least complex of the five lines, Line 2, leading us to offer a simplified1D model for this line. A more detailed inspection of Line 2 supports a 2D re-interpretation of the structure on this line. We observe variation along the length of the line, as evidenced by abrupt and consistent changes in the behavior of surface waves at higher frequencies. We interpret this as a manifestation of significant material or structural heterogeneity in the shallowest strata. This interpretation is consistent with P-wave and Rg attenuation observations. Planned additional sources, both at the distal ends of the profiles and intermittently within their lengths, will provide significant enhancement to our ability to resolve this complicated shallow structure.