Verification of difference of ion-induced nucleation rate for kinds of ionizing radiation
Abstract:Correlation between the global cloud cover and the galactic cosmic rays intensity has been pointed out. So as one of hypotheses, the promotion of creation of cloud condensation nuclei by cosmic rays can be considered.
In this study, we have carried out verification experiment of this hypothesis using an atmospheric reaction chamber at room temperature focusing on the kind of ionizing radiation. We introduced pure air, a trace of water vapor, ozone and sulfur dioxide gas in a chamber with a volume of 75[L]. The sulfur dioxide reacts chemically in the chamber to form sulfate aerosol. After introducing the mixed gas into the chamber, it was irradiated with ultraviolet light, which simulate solar ultraviolet radiation and with anthropogenic ionizing radiation for cosmic rays, particles and new particle formation due to ion-induced nucleation was observed by measuring and recording the densities of ions and aerosol particles, the particle size distribution, the concentrations of ozone and sulfur dioxide, the temperature and the relative humidity.
Here, the experimental results of aerosol nucleation rate for different types of radiation are reported. In this experiment, we conducted experiments of irradiation with heavy ions and β-rays. For ionizing radiation Sr-90 β-rays with an average energy of about 1[MeV] and a heavy ion beam from a particle accelerator facility of HIMAC at NIRS (Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator in Chiba, National Institute of Radiological Sciences) were used.
The utilized heavy ion was 14N ions of 180[MeV/n] with intensities from 200[particles/spill] to 10000[particles/spill]. In this experimental run the chamber was irradiated for 10 hours and, the relationship between aerosol particle density for the particle size of > of 2.5[nm] and the generated ion density was verified. In the middle, the chamber was irradiated with β-rays for comparison. Increases in the ion density with the increase of the beam intensity were confirmed. Also, a rise in the aerosol particle density due to the ion density increase was confirmed. From this result, the ion-induced nucleation due to heavy ion irradiation could be verified.
From the results of this study, ion-induced nucleation due to β-rays and heavy ion irradiation was confirmed.