Development of real-time mobile-buoy observation system for tsunami and crustal movement

Monday, 15 December 2014
Narumi Takahashi1, Yasuhisa Ishihara1, Tatsuya Fukuda1, Jun'ichiro Tahara1, Hiroshi Ochi1, Takami Mori1, Mitsuyasu Deguchi1, Motoyuki Kido2, Yusaku Ohta3, Ryota Hino2, Katsuhiko Mutoh4, Gosei Hashimoto4, Osamu Motohashi4 and Yoshiyuki Kaneda5, (1)JAMSTEC Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Kanagawa, Japan, (2)Tohoku University, International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Sendai, Japan, (3)Tohoku University, Graduate School of Science, Sendai, Japan, (4)Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency - JAXA, Tsukuba, Japan, (5)Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
We have developed real-time buoy system for tsunami and crustal movement since 2012. Our motivations are needs of the crustal movement data of not only for vertical component but horizontal, real-time data transmission for future prediction of the next large earthquake, and needs of relatively easily system comparing with the seafloor cable network system. Therefore, we are developing the above system using a buoy system, considering long term observation of approximately two years. Our system’s characteristics are real-time observation, separation between tsunami and crustal movement, mobility, and environmental compatibility. Tsunami and crustal movement data are sent with intervals of an hour and a week respectively in real-time, and we can also get them on-demand via satellite transmission from the land station. We are going to observe tsunami using a pressure sensor and a PPP (precise point positioning) navigation system on the buoy, therefore, tsunami and vertical crustal deformation are separated in real-time. And the horizontal component of the crustal deformation is also measured by acoustic signals between the buoy and six seafloor transponders. Our system can be used under severe strong sea current with a speed of 5.5 knots due to adaption of slack mooring. Therefore, we can deploy it without consideration of sea current. In addition, the geometry including the size of the buoy, lengths of some ropes, and capacity of the electric battery and so on is tuned considering an environment of deployment location. Through twice sea trials, we are confirming each function. In this presentation, we introduce the outline and results of the sea trials.