Effect of SO2 and Photolysis on Photooxidized Diesel Fuel Secondary Organic Aerosol Composition

Tuesday, 16 December 2014: 5:15 PM
Amanda Claire MacMillan1, Sandra L Blair1, Peng Lin2, Alexander Laskin2, Julia Laskin3 and Sergey Nizkorodov1, (1)University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States, (2)Pacific North West National Laboratory, EMSL, Richland, WA, United States, (3)Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, United States
Diesel fuel (DSL) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) are important precursors to secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation. DSL is often co-emitted with SO2 and NO2, thus it is important to understand the possible effects of SO2 on DSL SOA composition. Additionally, DSL SOA composition can be affected by photochemical aging processes such as photolysis. In this study, DSL SOA was first prepared under dry, high-NOx conditions with various concentrations of SO2 by photooxidation in a smog chamber. The SOA was then stripped of excess oxidants and gaseous organics with a denuder train and the resulting particles were photolyzed at various photolysis times in a quartz flow tube. The SOA composition, photochemical aging, properties, and mass concentration, before and after direct photolysis in the flow tube, were examined using several techniques. High-resolution mass spectrometry (HR-MS) was performed on DSL SOA samples to investigate the effect of SO2 on molecular level composition. SOA composition as a function of photolysis time was measured with an aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS). HR-MS results show that organosulfates are produced in DSL SOA. Both AMS and HR-MS results show that photolysis also has an effect on composition; though, this is more apparent in the HR-MS results than in the AMS results. In summary, both the presence of SO2 and solar radiation has an effect on DSL SOA composition.