Comparison of entrainment in constant volume and constant flux dense currents over sloping bottoms

Tuesday, 16 December 2014
Kiran Bhaganagar1, Manjure Nayamatullah1 and Claudia Cenedese2, (1)University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, United States, (2)WHOI, Woods Hole, MA, United States
Three dimensional high resolution large eddy simulations (LES) are employed to simulate lock-exchange and constant flux dense flows over inclined surface with the aim of investigating, visualizing and describing the turbulent structure and the evolution of bottom-propagating compositional density current at the channel bottom. The understanding of dynamics of density current is largely determined by the amount of interfacial mixing or entrainment between the ambient and dense fluids. No previous experimental or numerical studies have been done to estimate entrainment in classical lock-exchange system. The differences in entrainment between the lock-exchange and constant flux are explored. Comparing the results of flat bed with inclined surface results, flow exhibits significant differences near the leading edge or nose of the front of the density currents due to inclination of surface. Further, the instabilities are remarkably enhanced resulting Kelvin-Helmholtz and lobe-cleft type of instabilities arises much earlier in time. In this study, a brief analysis of entrainment on lock-exchange density current is presented using different bed slopes and a set of reduced gravity values (g’). We relate the entrainment value with different flow parameters such as Froude number (Fr) and Reynolds number (Re).