Effect of Size of the Computational Domain on Nonlinear Force-Free Modeling of Coronal Magnetic Field Using SDO/HMI Data

Tuesday, 16 December 2014
Tilaye Tadesse Asfaw1, Thomas Wiegelmann2 and Peter J MacNeice1, (1)NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, United States, (2)MPS, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany
The solar coronal magnetic field produces solar activity, including extremely energetic solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs). Knowledge of the structure and evolution of the magnetic field of the solar corona is important for investigating and understanding the origins of space weather. Although the coronal field remains difficult to measure directly, there is considerable interest in accurate modeling of magnetic fields in and around sunspot regions on the Sun using photospheric vector magnetograms as boundary data. In this work, we investigate effects of the size of the domain chosen for coronal magnetic field modeling on resulting model solution. We apply spherical Optimization procedure to vector magnetogram data of Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) onboardSolar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) with four Active Region observed on 09 March 2012 at 20:55UT. The results imply that quantities like magnetic flux density, electric current density and free magnetic energy density of ARs of interest are significantly different from the corresponding quantities obtained in the same region within the wider field of view. The difference is even more pronounced in the regions where there are connections to outside the domain.