Solar Corona/Wind Composition and Origins of the Solar Wind

Wednesday, 17 December 2014
Susan T Lepri1, Jason A Gilbert1, Enrico Landi1, Paul Shearer1, Rudolf von Steiger2 and Thomas Zurbuchen1, (1)University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States, (2)International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland
Measurements from ACE and Ulysses have revealed a multifaceted solar wind, with distinctly different kinetic and compositional properties dependent on the source region of the wind. One of the major outstanding issues in heliophysics concerns the origin and also predictability of quasi-stationary slow solar wind. While the fast solar wind is now proven to originate within large polar coronal holes, the source of the slow solar wind remains particularly elusive and has been the subject of long debate, leading to models that are stationary and also reconnection based – such as interchange or so-called S-web based models. Our talk will focus on observational constraints of solar wind sources and their evolution during the solar cycle. In particular, we will point out long-term variations of wind composition and dynamic properties, particularly focused on the abundance of elements with low First Ionization Potential (FIP), which have been routinely measured on both ACE and Ulysses spacecraft. We will use these in situ observations, and remote sensing data where available, to provide constraints for solar wind origin during the solar cycle, and on their correspondence to predictions for models of the solar wind.