Evaluation of Regional Extended-Range Prediction for Tropical Waves Using COAMPS®

Thursday, 18 December 2014
Xiaodong Hong1, Carolyn A. Reynolds1, James D Doyle2, Paul Wesley May3, Sue Chen1, Maria K. Flatau3 and Larry W O'Neill4, (1)Naval Research Lab Monterey, Monterey, CA, United States, (2)NRL, Monterey, CA, United States, (3)Naval Research Laboratory, Monterey, CA, United States, (4)Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, United States
The Navy’s Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS1) in a two-way coupled mode is used for two-month regional extended-range prediction for the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) and Tropical Cyclone 05 (TC05) that occurred during the DYNAMO period from November to December 2011. Verification and statistics from two experiments with 45-km and 27-km horizontal resolutions indicate that 27-km run provides a better representation of the three MJO events that occurred during this 2-month period, including the two convectively-coupled Kelvin waves associated with the second MJO event as observed. The 27-km run also significantly reduces forecast error after 15-days, reaching a maximum bias reduction of 89% in the third 15-day period due to the well represented MJO propagation over the Maritime Continent. Correlations between the model forecasts and observations or ECMWF analyses show that the MJO suppressed period is more difficult to predict than the active period. In addition, correlation coefficients for cloud liquid water path (CLWP) and precipitation are relatively low for both cases compared to other variables. The study suggests that a good simulation of TC05 and a good simulation of the Kelvin waves and westerly wind bursts are linked. Further research is needed to investigate the capability in regional extended-range forecasts when the lateral boundary conditions are provided from a long-term global forecast to allow for an assessment of potential operational forecast skill.


1COAMPS is a registered trademark of U.S. Naval Research Laboratory