Friday, 19 December 2014: 8:45 AM
Barry B Hanan1, David W Graham2, Christophe Hemond3, Janne Blichert-Toft4 and Francis Albarede4, (1)San Diego State University, Geological Sciences, San Diego, CA, United States, (2)Oregon State University, College of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Sciences, Corvallis, OR, United States, (3)Université de Brest, CNRS UBO, Laboratoire Domaines Océaniques, Plouzané, France, (4)Ecole Normale Supérieure Lyon, Laboratoire de Géologie de Lyon, Lyon, France
Along the Southeast Indian Ridge, variations in axial depth, crustal thickness, hydrothermal venting [1], basaltic major elements and U-series disequilibria [2] all indicate a west-to-east decrease in magma supply and mantle temperature from the Amsterdam-St. Paul hotspot to the Australian-Antarctic Discordance. Paired Hf-Pb isotopes in closely spaced glasses (5-10 km) from 81-100°E define two populations revealing compositional streaks in the upper mantle [3]. The number density of the streaks follows a Poisson distribution with a characteristic thickness of ~20 km. K/Ti and Na8 do not correlate with Pb or Hf isotopes, and both isotopic domains encompass N- and E-MORB types indicating the variations represent mantle source heterogeneities. 3He/4He varies from 7.5 - 10.2 RA, more than half the range in global MORB away from hotspot influence [4]. No systematic relationship exists between 3He/4He and Pb or Hf isotopes. A general negative correlation between K/Ti and Fe8 for the SEIR resembles that for MORBs globally, with higher K/Ti associated with lower 3He/4He. Collectively the observations suggest the presence of lithologically heterogeneous mantle. Lower 3He/4He derives from a source containing a few percent pyroxenite or ecologite, while 3He/4He > 9 RA arises from peridotite. Mantle convection has folded together distinct composite reservoirs of heterogeneous mantle, and stretched them into streaks that remain discernible units. The mantle ‘unit’ giving rise to each MORB sample represents a ‘mixture of mixtures’ with a multi-stage mixing history. Spectral analysis of the length scales of Hf, Pb and He isotopic variability allows a visual representation of this upper mantle ‘texture’. The dominant length scales reflect large (1000, 500 km) and regional scale (100-150 km) structures in mantle flow, and sampling of heterogeneities during partial melting (20-30 km).

1-Baker et al., doi:10.1002/2014GC005344; 2-Russo et al., doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.11.016; 3-Hanan et al., doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.05.028; 4-Graham et al., doi:10.1002/2014GC005264