Shear Deformation of Fe Polycrystals in the Rotational Diamond Anvil Cell
Abstract:For many years, experiments are being developed for performing deformation experiments under lower mantle conditions. They include methods such as the Deformation-DIA (Wang et al, 2003) or radial x-ray diffraction in the diamond anvil cell (Merkel et al, 2002). However, the strain applied to the sample is typically limited to about 40%. This can be an issue for studying effects of large deformation or, for the case of diamond anvil cells, applying actual plastic strain at megabar pressures. The issue can be solved using apparatus such as the Rotational-Drickamer (RDA) (e.g. Yamazaki and Karato, 2001). However, the RDA offers limited diffraction access to the sample and operating pressures do not reach those of the lower mantle.
In this abstract, we investigate the potential applications of the rotational diamond anvil cell (Rot-DAC) for such studies. 300 K experiments in the Rot-DAC have been performed up to pressures exceeding 50 GPa (e.g. Serebryanaya et al, 1995) with studies focusing on the effect of shear on solid-solid phase transformation pressures. The authors did not investigate the possibility of using the Rot-DAC for studying rheological properties.
Here, a sample of polycrystalline Fe is submitted to shear deformation in the Rot-DAC at pressures up to 20 GPa. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction and Rietveld refinements are then used to study the texture and stress state at multiple locations in the sample. The study shows that the Rot-DAC is efficient at producing deformation textures in a polycrystalline aggregate but that care should be taken in ensuring that the sample is actually undergoing plastic deformation and not solid rotation. Stresses, on the other hand, are difficult to extract from the x-ray diffraction data because of lack of understanding of stress distributions in the deforming aggregate.
S. Merkel, H. R. Wenk, J. Shu, G. Shen, P. Gillet, H. K. Mao and R. J. Hemley, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 2271 (2002)
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Y. Wang, W. B. Duhram, I. C. Getting and D. J. Weidner, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 74, 3002-3011 (2003)
D. Yamazaki and S.-I. Karato, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 72, 4207-4211 (2001)