Long-Term Network Experiments and Interdisciplinary Campaigns Conducted by the USDA-Agricultural Research Service

Monday, 15 December 2014: 9:15 AM
David C Goodrich1, William P Kustas2, Michael H Cosh3, Susan M Moran1, Danny G Marks4, Thomas J Jackson2, David D Bosch5, Albert Rango6, Mark S Seyfried7, Russell L Scott1, John H Prueger8, Patrick j Starks9 and Mark R Walbridge10, (1)Agricultural Research Service Tucson, Tucson, AZ, United States, (2)USDA ARS, Beltsville, MD, United States, (3)U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD, United States, (4)USDA Agriculture Research Serv, Boise, ID, United States, (5)USDA ARS, Tifton, GA, United States, (6)USDA ARS, Las Cruces, NM, United States, (7)US Dept Agr ARS, Boise, ID, United States, (8)USDA ARS NLAE, Ames, IA, United States, (9)USDA-ARS, El Reno, OK, United States, (10)USDA ARS, Pendleton, OR, United States
The USDA-Agricultural Research Service has led, or been integrally involved in, a myriad of interdisciplinary field campaigns in a wide range of locations both nationally and internationally. Many of the shorter campaigns were anchored over the existing national network of ARS Experimental Watersheds and Rangelands. These long-term outdoor laboratories provided a critical knowledge base for designing the campaigns as well as historical data, hydrologic and meteorological infrastructure coupled with shop, laboratory, and visiting scientist facilities. This strong outdoor laboratory base enabled cost-efficient campaigns informed by historical context, local knowledge, and detailed existing watershed characterization. These long-term experimental facilities have also enabled much longer term lower intensity experiments, observing and building an understanding of both seasonal and inter-annual biosphere-hydrosphere-atmosphere interactions across a wide range of conditions. A sampling of these experiments include MONSOON’90, SGP97, SGP99, Washita’92, Washita’94, SMEX02-05 and JORNEX series of experiments, SALSA, CLASIC and longer-term efforts over the ARS Little Washita, Walnut Gulch, Little River, Reynolds Creek, and OPE3 Experimental Watersheds. This presentation will review some of the highlights and key findings of these campaigns and long-term efforts including the inclusion of many of the experimental watersheds and ranges in the Long-Term Agro-ecosystems Research (LTAR) network. The LTAR network also contains several locations that are also part of other observational networks including the CZO, LTER, and NEON networks. Lessons learned will also be provided for scientists initiating their participation in large-scale, multi-site interdisciplinary science.