Parametric Very Low Frequency (VLF) Antenna: Analytical and Particle-in-Cell Simulation Results

Monday, 15 December 2014
Tony C Kim1, Vladimir I Sotnikov1, Evgeny V Mishin2, Daniel S Main3, Thomas C Genoni4 and David V Rose4, (1)Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, United States, (2)Air Force Research Laboratory Kirtland AFB, Kirtland AFB, NM, United States, (3)Riverside Research Institute, Beavercreek, OH, United States, (4)Voss Scientific Inc, Albuquerque, NM, United States
Concept of a parametric antenna in the ionospheric plasma is analyzed. Such antennas are capable of exciting electromagnetic radiation fields, specifically the creation of whistler waves generated at the very low frequency (VLF) range, which are also capable of propagating large distances away from the source region. The mechanism of whistler wave generation is considered a parametric interaction of quasi-electrostatic low oblique resonance (LOR)oscillations excited by conventional antenna. The transformation of LOR waves on quasi-neutral density perturbations in the near field of an antenna gives rise to whistler waves on combination frequencies. Amplitude of these waves can considerably exceed the amplitude of whistler waves directly excited by a loop. Simulation to demonstrate excitation and spatial structure of VLF waves excited by a loop antenna using a PIC code LSP will be presented as well.