Multiscale Resilience of Complex Systems

Tuesday, 16 December 2014
Ioulia Tchiguirinskaia1, Daniel J M Schertzer2, Agathe Giangola-Murzyn2 and Tuan Hoang Cong3, (1)Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, Champs-sur-Marne, France, (2)University Paris-Est Créteil Val de Marne, Créteil Cedex, France, (3)Vietnam Water Resources University, Ha noi, Vietnam
We first argue the need for well defined resilience metrics to better evaluate the resilience of complex systems such as (peri-)urban flood management systems. We review both the successes and limitations of resilience metrics in the framework of dynamical systems and their generalization in the framework of the viability theory. We then point out that the most important step to achieve is to define resilience across scales instead of doing it at a given scale.

Our preliminary, critical analysis of the series of attempts to define an operational resilience metrics led us to consider a scale invariant metrics based on the scale independent codimension of extreme singularities. Multifractal downscaling of climate scenarios can be considered as a first illustration. We focussed on a flood scenario evaluation method with the help of two singularities γ_s and γ_Max, corresponding respectively to an effective and a probable maximum singularity, that yield an innovative framework to address the issues of flood resilience systems in a scale independent manner.

Indeed, the stationarity of the universal multifractal parameters would result into a rather stable value of probable maximum singularity γ_s. By fixing the limit of acceptability for a maximum flood water depth at a given scale, with a corresponding singularity, we effectively fix the threshold of the probable maximum singularity γ_s as a criterion of the flood resilience we accept. Then various scenarios of flood resilient measures could be simulated with the help of Multi-Hydro under upcoming climat scenarios. The scenarios that result in estimates of either γ_Max or γ_s below the pre-selected γ_s value will assure the effective flood resilience of the whole modeled system across scales.

The research for this work was supported, in part, by the EU FP7 SMARTesT and INTERREG IVB RainGain projects.