Evoluton of the Tharsis Region of Mars

Wednesday, 16 December 2015: 09:00
2009 (Moscone West)
Robert C Anderson, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, United States, James M Dohm, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Japan and Shigenori Maruyama, Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokoyo, Japan
The evolution of the Tharsis region includes at least five major stages of Tharsis-related activity, which includes the formation of igneous plateaus, canyon and fault systems, volcanoes, and centers of magmatic-driven tectonism. This activity drove major environmental changes that were recorded in the walls of Valles Marineris, the circum-Chryse outflow channel system, the northern plains, and impact basins such as Argyre, among many other Martian features and landscapes. Environmental change included flooding and associated formation of lakes and oceans in basins such as the prominent northern plains and impact basins such as Argyre. This Tharsis-driven activity also included the formation of glaciers in the southern hemisphere and other landscape features (e.g., alluvial fans, periglacial landforms, gelifluction features including mass wasting, fluvial channels) indicative of an active landscape. At this conference, we will present the details of the evolution of Tharsis, as well as discuss contributing factors to its origin, estimated beginning development, and explanations for its longevity.